Material properties

Fused deposition modelling (FDM)

Material (number) ABS-M30 ABS-M30i ABS-ESD7 ASA PC PC-ISO PC-ABS ULTEM
9085
ULTEM
1010
NYLON 12 NYLON 12 CF
Model samples
Characteristics General purpose General purpose
Biocompatible
Electrostatic dissipative Weather resistant Heat resistant Heat-resistant
Biocompatible
Impact resistant Heat resistant
Chemical resistant
Heat resistant
chemical resistant
biocompatible
Weather resistant Structurally strong
Colour Ivory
White
Dark Grey
Black
Red
Blue
Ivory Black Ivory
White
Light Grey
Dark Grey
Black
Red
Orange
Yellow
Green
Dark Blue
White White
Translucent/natural
Black Tan
Black
Natural
Black
Black Black
Specific gravity 1.04 1.04 1.04 1.05 1 1.2 1.1 1.27 1.34
Mechanical characteristics Maximum tensile strength [MPa] 31 31 36 29 68 57 29 71.6 81 53 75.6
Modulus of elasticity [GPa] 2.23 2.23 2.4 2.01 2.3 2 2.1 2.2 2.77 1.31 7.5
Elongation at break [%] 7 7 9 5 3.3 9.5 1.9
Impact strength (with Izod notch)
[J/m]
128 128 128 53 86 235 106 41 150 85
Thermal characteristics Glass transition [°C] 108 108 108 108 161 161 125 186 215
Load deflection temperature
[°C@0.45MPa]
96 96 96 98 138 133 110 216 97
Load deflection temperature
[°C@1.8MPa]
82 82 82 91 127 127 96 153 213 82 143

Selective Laser Sintering (SLS)

Material (number) PA11 PA6GB PP
Model samples
Characteristics Flexibility Heat resistant
contains glass beads
High flexibility
Colour white light gray white
Specific gravity 1.01 0.85
Mechanical characteristics Maximum tensile strength [MPa] 45 77 21.4
Modulus of elasticity [GPa] 1.5 6.5 0.91
Elongation at break [%] 45 2 529
Impact strength (with Izod notch)
[J/m]
319
Thermal characteristics Glass transition [°C]
Melting point [°C] 201 210 125
Load deflection temperature
[°C@0.45MPa]
194 197
Load deflection temperature
[°C@1.8MPa]
56 117

High Speed Sintering (HSS/MJF)

Material (number) PA12
Model samples
Characteristics General purpose
Colour white
Specific gravity
Mechanical characteristics Maximum tensile strength [MPa] 50
Modulus of elasticity [GPa] 1.75
Elongation at break [%] 15
Impact strength (with Izod notch)
[J/m]
260
Thermal characteristics Glass transition [°C]
Melting point [°C] 188
Load deflection temperature
[°C@0.45MPa]
Load deflection temperature
[°C@1.8MPa]

Heat melt lamination / fused deposition method (FDM)

ABS-M30: General purpose ABS

ABS-M30™ is 25-75% stronger than the standard ABS material and is ideal for any stage of manufacture: from concept modelling to functional prototyping, from jigs ad fixtures to end use parts. ABS-M30 is a particularly strong material, offering greater tensile, impact and flexural strrength than standard ABS. Layer bonding is significantly stronger than ABS, resulting in a more durable part that is well suited to realistic functional tests and high quality end use applications.

Layer thickness 0.1270mm / 0.1778mm / 0.2540mm / 0.3302mm
Colour Ivory / White / Dark Grey / Black / Red / Blue
Support material Soluble – Complex components with deep internal cavities are possible
Minimum feature size For 0.127 mm lamination pitch: approximately ≥ 0.6 mm
For 0.254 mm lamination pitch: approximately ≥ 1.0 mm
Recommended offset/clearance for assemblies ≥ 0.3 mm distance is recommended.
Texture / feel
  • The layer direction is visible in the direction of build and smooth surfaces cannot be created.
  • A wood grain pattern can appear on curved surfaces from the layer thickness.
Application fields Simple jig, shape checks, functional prototype

Notes:

  • General purpose

ABS-M30i: biocompatible ABS

The high strength, durability and fine feature detail of ABS-M30i makes it an ideal materials for the medical, pharmaceutical and food packaging industries. ABS-M30i parts can be gamma or EtO sterilised, and are biocompatible and compliant with ISO 10993 USP Class VI. The material is suited for production parts, as well as concept modelling, function testing and manufacturing tools.

Layer Thickness 0.1270mm / 0.1778mm / 0.2540mm / 0.3302mm
Colour Ivory
Support material Soluble – Complex components with deep internal cavities are possible
Hollow structure This is Possible

  • It may not be possible to remove the support material in the hollow narrow sections of the model.
Minimum reproducible dimensions For 0.127 mm lamination pitch: approximately ≥ 0.6 mm
For 0.254 mm lamination pitch: approximately ≥ 1.0 mm
Recommended offset clearance for assemblies ≥ 0.3 mm distance is recommended.
Texture / feel
  • General purpose
  • Bio compatible
Application fields Simple jig, shape checks, functional prototype

Notes:

  • The build direction gives an intrinsic weakness in the Z direction (build direction). The build orientation requires consider when manufacturing thin walls and snap fits.
  • Small holes can develop within the material and may result in a decrease strength when approaching minimum build dimensions.
  • This material does not produce a seal, so will not contain liquids or gases.

ABS-ESD7: electrostatic dissipative ABS

ABS-ESD7™ (acrylonitrile butadiene styrene-electrostatic dissipative) is a durable and electrostatic-dissipative thermoplastic suitable for applications where a static charge can damage products, affect performance or cause an explosion. ABS-ESD7 prevents a buildup of static electricity, so it will not produce a static shock or cause other materials like powders, dust and fine particles to stick to it. Commonly used in the transporation and industrial equipment industries, ABS-ESD7 is ideal for electronic products with circuit boards. It is widely used to create jigs and fixtures for the assembly of electronic components, but other applications include functional prototypes of fuel storage and delivery products, as well as cases, enclosures and packaging.

Layer thickness 0.178 / 0.254 (mm)
Colour Black
Support material Soluble – Complex components with deep internal cavities are possible
Hollow structure This is Possible

  • It may not be possible to remove the support material in the hollow narrow sections of the model.
Minimum reproducible dimensions For 0.178mm lamination pitch: approximately ≥ 0.6 mm
For 0.254 mm lamination pitch: approximately ≥ 1.0 mm
Recommended offset/clearance for assemblies ≥ 0.3 mm distance is recommended.
Texture / feel
  • The mesh pattern of the stacking direction is easily visible and smooth surfaces can not be created.
  • A wood grain pattern can appear on curved surfaces from the lamination step.
Application fields Simple jig, shape checks, functional prototype

Notes:

  • electrostatic dissipative

ASA: weather resistant resin

ASA has the best surface finish of all of the FDM thermoplastics. With outstanding UV stability and mechanical properties that match or exceed ABS, it is an excellent material for manufacturing consistently high quality parts. ASA also has a wide range of UX stable colours which produce attractive parts suitable for all applications.

Layer thickness 0.1270 / 0.1778 / 0.2540 / 0.3302 [mm]
Colour Ivory / White / Light Grey / Dark Grey / Black / Red / Orange / Yellow / Green / Dark Blue
Support material Soluble – Complex components with deep internal cavities are possible
Hollow structure This is possible

  • It may not be possible to remove the support material in the hollow narrow sections of the model.
Minimum reproducible dimensions For 0.127mm lamination pitch: approximately ≥ 0.6 mm
For 0.254 mm lamination pitch: approximately ≥ 1.0 mm
Recommended offset/clearance for assemblies ≥ 0.3 mm distance is recommended.
Texture / feel
  • The mesh pattern of the stacking direction is easily visible and smooth surfaces can not be created.
  • A wood grain pattern can appear on curved surfaces from the lamination step.
Application fields Simple jig, shape checks, functional prototype

Notes:

  • General purpose, similar to ABS
  • UV Stable
  • High aesthetics

PC (polycarbonate): high-tensile resin

Polycarbonates are the most widely used industrial thermoplastics across automative, aerospace, medical and and many other applications. PC offers accuracy, durability and stability, creating strong parts that withstand functional testing. It also has superior mechanical properties to ABS and a number of other thermoplastics. PC is perfect for concept modeling, functional prototyping, manufacturing tools, and end-use parts.

Layer thickness 0.178 / 0.254 / 0.330 (mm)
Colour White
Support material Breakaway / soluble
Hollow structure This is possible

  • Support material must be accessible with tools to be manually removed.
Minimum reproducible dimensions For 0.178mm lamination pitch: approximately ≥ 0.6 mm
For 0.254 mm lamination pitch: approximately ≥ 1.0 mm
Recommended offset/clearance for assemblies ≥ 0.3 mm distance is recommended.
Texture / feel
  • The mesh pattern of the stacking direction is easily visible and smooth surfaces can not be created.
  • A wood grain pattern can appear on curved surfaces from the layer thickness
Application fields Simple jig, shape checks, functional prototype

Notes:

  • Heat resistant

PC-ISO: biocompatible high-tensile resin

PC-ISO (polycarbonate-ISO) is a biocompatible industrial thermoplastic which is compliant with ISO 10993 USP Class VI and can be gamma or EtO sterilised in its raw state. PC-ISO is an ideal material for food and pharmaceutical packaging and medical device manufacture due to its strength and medical compatibility. PC-ISO gives you parts for concept modelling, functional prototyping and end-use applications.

Layer thickness 0.178 / 0.254 / 0.330 (mm)
Colour White / Translucent natural
Support material Breakaway
Hollow structure This is possible

  • Support material must be accessible with tools to be manually removed.
Minimum reproducible dimensions For 0.178mm lamination pitch: approximately ≥ 0.6 mm
For 0.254 mm lamination pitch: approximately ≥ 1.0 mm

  • Reproduction may not be possible due to the rib height and hole depth.
Recommended offset/clearance for assemblies ≥ 0.3 mm distance is recommended.
Texture / feel
  • The mesh pattern of the stacking direction is easily visible and smooth surfaces can not be created.
  • A wood grain pattern can appear on curved surfaces from the layer thickness.
Application fields Simple jig, shape confirmation testing

Notes:

  • Heat resistant
  • Bio Compatible

PC-ABS: impact-resistant, high-tensile strength resin

PC-ABS (polycarbonate-ABS) combines the exceptional strength and heat resistance of PC with the flexibility of ABS, makign it ideal for automotive, electronics and telecommunications applications. PC-ABS can be used for concept modelling, functional prototyping, manufacturing tools and production parts.

Layer thickness 0.127 / 0.178 / 0.254 / 0.330 [mm]
Colour Black
Support material Soluble – Complex components with deep internal cavities are possible
Hollow structure This is possible

  • It may not be possible to remove the support material in the hollow narrow sections of the model.
Minimum reproducible dimensions For 0.127mm layer thickness: approximately ≥ 0.6 mm
For 0.254 mm layer thickness: approximately ≥ 1.0 mm
Recommended offset/clearance for assemblies ≥ 0.3 mm distance is recommended.
Texture / feel
  • The mesh pattern of the stacking direction is easily visible and smooth surfaces can not be created.
  • A wood grain pattern can appear on curved surfaces from the layer thickness.
Application fields Simple jig, shape checks, functional prototype

Notes:

  • Impact resistant

ULTEM9085: heat-resistant anti-static polyetherimide (PEI)

ULTEM™ 9085 is a flame-retardant high-performance thermoplastic perfectly suited to end use applications. The pioneering materials is well suited to the transportation industry due to its high strength-to-weight ration and FST rating (Flame-Smoke-Toxicity). It is also ideal for end-use production grade parts in the aerospace, marine vehicle and automative industries. Other applications include advanced functional prototypes without the cost or lead time of traditional tooling.

Layer thickness 0.254 (mm)
Colour Tab / Black
Support material Breakaway
Hollow structure This is possible

Support material must be accessible with tools to be manually removed.

Minimum reproducible dimensions For 0.254 mm lamination pitch: approximately ≥ 1.0 mm

  • Reproduction may not be possible due to the rib height and hole depth.
Recommended offset/clearance for assemblies ≥ 0.3 mm distance is recommended.
Texture / feel
  • The mesh pattern of the stacking direction is easily visible and smooth surfaces can not be created.
  • A wood grain pattern can appear on curved surfaces from the layer thickness.
Application fields Simple jigs, shape checks, high-functioning prototypes

Notes:

  • Heat resistant
  • Chemically resistant
  • FST rated

ULTEM 1010: biocompatible, chemical-resistant polyetherimide (PEI)

ULTEM™ 1010 is the strongest and most durable thermoplastic on the market, designed for superior heat/chemical resistance and the ability to withstand steam autoclaving. ULTEM 1010 is available in a general-purpose grade, as well as a certified grade (CG) for those customers who want to take advantage of food-contact and bio-compatibility certifications for specialized applications including food production tools and custom medical devices. This high-performance material is also ideal for aersopace and automotive applications.

Layer thickness 0.254 / 0.330 (mm)
Colour Natural / Black
Support material Breakaway
Hollow structure This is possible

  • Support material must be accessible with tools to be manually removed.
Minimum reproducible dimensions For 0.254 mm lamination pitch: approximately ≥ 1.0 mm

  • Reproduction may not be possible due to the rib height and hole depth.
Recommended offset/clearance for assemblies ≥ 0.3 mm distance is recommended.
Texture / feel
  • The mesh pattern of the stacking direction is easily visible and smooth surfaces cannot be created.
  • A wood grain pattern can appear on curved surfaces from the layer thickness.
Application fields Simple jig, shape confirmation testing

Notes:

  • Highest heat resistance
  • Highest Chemical resistance
  • Bio compatible
  • Food safe

NYLON 12

Nylon 12 has excellent isotropic properties making it ideal for applications which require repetitive snap fits, high fatigue resistance, strong chemical resistance and press (friction) fit inserts. Nylon 12 is primarily used in aerospace, automotive and consumer goods industries to take on everything from tooling, jigs and fixtures to covers, panels and vibration resistant components. FDM Nylon 12 offers unparalleled toughness and a simple, clean process – free of powders.

Layer thickness 0.1778mm / 0.2540mm / 0.3302mm
Colour Black
Support material Soluble – Complex components with deep internal cavities are possible
Hollow structure This is possible

  • It may not be possible to remove the support material in the hollow narrow sections of the model.
Minimum reproducible dimensions For 0.254 mm layer thickness: approximately ≥ 1.0 mm
Recommended offset/clearance for assemblies ≥ 0.3 mm distance is recommended.
Texture / feel
  • The mesh pattern of the stacking direction is easily visible and smooth surfaces cannot be created.
  • A wood grain pattern can appear on curved surfaces from the layer thickness
Application fields Robotic end effectors, Metal forming tools, Simple jig, fixtures, drill guides and shape confirmation testing

Notes:

  • Structurally strong

NYLON 12 CF

FDM Nylon 12CF™ is a carbon-filled thermoplastic with structural characteristics that make it one of the strongest thermoplastics in the FDM material range and an ideal substitute for metal tooling. Chopped carbon fibre comprises 35% of the weight, blended with Nylon 12 polymer, which results in the highest stiffness-to-weight ratio and flexural strength. Nylon 12CF is particularly useful for strong but lightweight tooling applications and functional prototypes in the aerospace, automotive, industrial and recreational manufacturing industries.

Layer thickness 0.1778mm / 0.2540mm / 0.3302mm
Colour Black
Support material Soluble – Complex components with deep internal cavities are possible
Hollow structure This is possible

  • It may not be possible to remove the support material in the hollow narrow sections of the model.
Minimum reproducible dimensions For 0.254 mm layer thickness: approximately ≥ 1.0 mm
Recommended offset/clearance for assemblies ≥ 0.3 mm distance is recommended.
Texture / feel
  • The mesh pattern of the stacking direction is easily visible and smooth surfaces cannot be created.
  • A wood grain pattern can appear on curved surfaces from the layer thickness
Application fields Robotic end effectors, Metal forming tools, Simple jig, fixtures, drill guides and shape confirmation testing

Notes:

  • Structurally strong
fdm

Selective Laser Sintering (SLS)

PA6GB (Nylon 6 + glass beads)

This crystalline polyamide is identical to Nylon 12.
This is an engineering polymer with much higher heat resistance than Nylon 12 and is often used for automotive parts.

Layer thickness 0.1 (mm)
Colour Natural: light grey
Support material None
Hollow structure This is possible

  • At least one 10mm diameter hole is required to remove the support material. Preferably a minimum of 2 if geometry allows.
  • It may not be possible to remove powder inside the cavity due to the shape of the model.
Minimum reproducible dimensions ≥ 0.8mm approx.
Recommended offset/clearance for assemblies ≥ 0.6mm distance is recommended.
Texture / feel
  • The surface has the rough texture.
  • The surface stepping is retained from the manufacturing process are retained though are minimal as a result of the thin layers.
Application fields Simple jigs, shape checks, high-functioning prototypes, finalized components

PP (polypropylene)

Our 3D polypropylene is the purest on the market today. This versatile translucent off-white material is one of the most commonly used polymers in the manufacturing industry, with comparable properties to injection moulded PP. Durable, fatigue-resistant and lightweight, PP is uniquely representative of the end part and therefore offers precise form, fit and functional testing. Our PP also boasts chemical resistance, with WRAS approval and complete recyclability. 3D-printed PP has extremely high elongation at break and is therefore perfectly suited to applications including functional prototypes for snap-fit, automotive assemblies or living hinges, packaging and consumer goods.

Layer thickness 0.1 (mm)
Colour Natural—Translucent
Support material None
Hollow structure This is possible

  • At least one 10mm diameter hole is required to remove the support material. Preferably a minimum of 2 if geometry allows.
  • It may not be possible to remove powder inside the cavity due to the shape of the model.
Minimum reproducible dimensions ≥ 0.8mm approx.

  • Reproduction may not be possible due to the rib height and hole depth.
Recommended offset/clearance for assemblies ≥ 0.6mm distance is recommended.
Texture / feel
  • The surface has the rough texture.
  • The surface stepping is retained from the manufacturing process are retained though are minimal as a result of the thin layers.
Application fields Simple jigs, shape checks, high-functioning prototypes, finalized components

Notes:

  • Properties comparable to injection moulded polypropylene
  • Very high elongation at break
  • Good impact resistance
  • WRAS (Water Regulation Advisory Scheme) approved material
  • Lightweight
  • Watertight and airtight without post-processing
  • Excellent chemical resistance
  • Low moisture absorption
  • Parts can be sandblasted, smoothed, painted, joined
sls

High Speed Sintering (HSS) / Multi Jet Fusion (MJF)

PA12 (Nylon 12)

An adaptable general-use material, which produces parts which are high in density and low in porosity. The perfect choice when you require parts with crisp details and thinner walls than Selective Laser Sintering is able to offer.

Layer thickness 0.08 (mm)
Colour Natural—Final parts are grey in colour due to MJF process
Support material None
Hollow structure This is possible

  • Produce strong, functional complex parts
  • Watertight and airtight parts without post-processing
  • Produce more detailed surface resolution or thinner walls than selective laser sintering technology
  • Provides excellent chemical resistance to oils, greases, aliphatic hydrocarbons, and alkalis
  • Biocompatibility certification (meets USP Class I-VI and US FDA guidance for Intact Skin Surface Devices)
  • Parts can be sandblasted, smoothed, painted, joined
Mimimum reproducible dimensions ≥ 0.6mm approx.
Recommended offset/clearance for assemblies ≥ 0.5mm is recommended.
Texture / feel
  • The surface has the rough texture.
  • The surface stepping retained from the manufacturing process are retained though are minimal as a result of the thin layers.
Application fields Simple jigs, shape checks, high-functioning prototypes, finalized components

Notes:

  • The use of support materials should be minimised as uncured powder can be retained inside the recessed hollows.
  • The printing technique may result in uneven colouration on fabricated products as shown in the image below.
hss